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Products - Microarray Buffers & Solutions - Protein Microarray Buffers to Enhance Protein Profiling, Peptide, Serum IgG and IgE, and Auto-Antibody Protein Microarray Assays
Arrayit’s Protein Microarray Kit is the first complete protein microarray buffer system on the market. Kit contents include activation buffer, reaction buffer, wash buffer and rinse buffer. Supports all protein microarrays and takes the guess work out of microarray-based proteomic studies. Buffers are 0.1 µm-filtered, pre-mixed and ready to use. Buffers increase signal strength and reduce background. Highly recommended for peptide, antibody, antigen, reverse phase and PlasmaScan Microarrays. We also offer reaction and blocking buffer automation formulations for high-throughput research and screening applications.
Table of Contents
Arrayit Protein Microarray Buffers improve the precision, speed and affordability of your microarray research in proteomics, pharmaceuticals, diagnostics, agriculture, and other areas of life sciences and health care research. This handbook contains all the information required to take full advantage of Arrayit Protein Microarray Buffers.
Arrayit uses the highest quality control (QC) and quality assurance (QA) measures to ensure the quality of our Arrayit brand Protein Microarray Buffers. The finest scientific research was used to develop this product line. The use of advanced R&D, ultra-pure reagents, and 0.1 µm filtration guarantees that this product line outperforms the highest industry standards.
Arrayit Protein Microarray Buffers are designed for all protein microarray applications. Users will appreciate the following features:
The Arrayit Protein Microarray Buffer Kit contains the following components:
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Complete Protocol (Steps 1-5)
1. Activate Microarrays. Protein microarrays require activation prior to use to remove unbound protein molecules from the surface and to shield the surface against non-specific binding. Activate protein microarrays by mixing for 60 min in Protein Microarray Activation Buffer (Cat. PMAB). The activation step can be performed with gentle mixing in 15 ml of Protein Microarray Activation Buffer in a petri dish or 450 ml of Protein Microarray Activation Buffer in a High-Throughput Wash Station. Following activation, wash the microarrays two times for 5 min in Protein Microarray Wash Buffer (Cat. PMWB) and one time for 1 sec in Protein Microarray Rinse Buffer (Cat. PMRB). All washes can be performed using 25 ml volumes in a petri dish or 450 ml volumes in a High-Throughput Wash Station (Cat. HTW) with gentle agitation. After washing, spin for 1 sec in a Microarray High-Speed Centrifuge to mostly dry the microarrays and proceed immedately to the next step.
2. React the activated microarrays with samples. Samples can be are prepared by mixing 5-25 µg of protein with Protein Microarray Reaction Buffer (Cat. PMRB), making sure not to dilute the Protein Microarray Reaction Buffer by more than 1.5-fold. The same volume of protein sample should be used for all reactions in which comparative information is sought. Reactions can be performed using LifterSlip (elevated cover slips) in a 15-75 µl volume (depending on the size of the LifterSlip) or multi-well reaction cassettes Catalog ID’s AHC1x16, AHC1x24 and AHC4x24 for using an 80 µl per-well volume and 50 µl for the RC1x24 reaction cassette. Binding reactions may also be performed using large sample droplets or a variety of custom gaskets. Reaction areas can be made using the Microarray Imprinter. For example, undiluted or diluted biotinylated protein samples can be used depending on the sample concentration and plasma protein expression level. Typically 5 µg of labeled protein is sufficient to obtain strong signals. Up to 25 µg of labeled protein can be used, though saturating signals and non-linearity can be observed at high sample protein concentrations. Fluorescent samples can be reacted in the same manner as biotinylated samples. Typical binding reactions run for 60 to 90 min at room temperature with gentle mixing. Following the reaction step, wash the microarrays three times for 3 min in Protein Microarray Wash Buffer (Cat. PMWB) with gentle agitation. Washes can be performed using 25 ml volumes in a petri dish or 450 ml volumes in a High-Throughput Wash Station with gentle agitation. After washing, spin for 1 sec in a Microarray High-Speed Centrifuge to dry the microarrays.
3. Stain the microarrays with a fluorescent secondary reagent. Prepare the secondary antibody reagent by diluting the fluorescent conjugate to a final concentration of 1 µg/ml in Protein Microarray Reaction Buffer (Cat. PMRB). For example, a one thousand-fold (1:1,000) dilution of the 1 mg/ml Cy3-Streptavidin staining reagent from Jackson ImmunoResearch (Cat. 109-165-088) works well. Other secondary antibodies can be used to measure IgG, IgE, IgM and IgA. Antibody pairs can be used in sandwich assays. A 1.0 ml volume of secondary reagent is prepared by mixing 1.0 µl of secondary antibody in 1 ml of Protein Microarray Reaction Buffer. Mix by inverting the tube 10 times. Stain the microarrays using 25-125 µl of diluted secondary reagent. The staining volume will depends on whether a single or multi-well microarray format is being used. Stain for 60 min at room temperature with gentle agitation. Following the staining step, wash the Pmicroarrays three times for 1 min in Protein Microarray Wash Buffer (Cat. PMWB) and one time for 1 sec in Protein Microarray Rinse Buffer (Cat. PMNB) with gentle agitation. Washes can be performed using 25 ml volumes in a petri dish or 450 ml volumes in a High-Throughput Wash Station with gentle agitation. After washing, spin for 1 sec in a Microarray High-Speed Centrifuge to dry.
4. Scan the microarrays for fluorescence emission. Scan the PlasmaScan Antibody Microarrays using an Arrayit SpotLight (Cat. SLMS) or Arrayit InnoScan® 710 (Cat. 710) or 900 (Cat. 900) microarray scanner set to detect Cy3 or Cy5. PlasmaScan can also be read with other brands of microarray scanner compatible with the open platform substrate slide 25 x 76 mm format. Scanner settings should be adjusted to minimize saturated signals to 1% or less. Multiple scans can be taken to capture data at different sensitivity levels. All data files should be saved as 16-bit TIFF images for data analysis.
5. Quantify and model the fluorescent data. Launch Arrayit Mapix Microarray Quantification Software and open the Microarray TIFF. Create a quantification grid by importing the GAL file provided by the NanoPrint Microarrayer. Adjust the grid so that it fits approximately around each printed element. Once the grid is aligned, click “find spots automatically” to allow automated spot finding by Mapix. Minor adjustments to individual spot locations can be made using the “spots modification” command. Click on “quantification process” to quantify the PlasmaScan spot intensities. Click on the “data viewer” in the “Window” menu to visualize the quantified data. Click on “Save results” to save the data as a text file (.txt). The .txt file can be imported into spread sheets and other software programs for additional analysis.
Figure 1. Protein microarray data obtained using the Arrayit Protein Microarray Buffer Kit (Cat. PMBK). Monoclonal antibodies were printed in triplicate as 75 µm features onto SuperEpoxy 2 Microarray Substates (Cat. SME2), activated with Protein Microarray Activation Buffer, reacted with Protein Microarray Reaction Buffer containing biotin-labeled human serum, stained with Cy3-labeled streptavidin, washed with Protein Microarray Wash Buffer and rinsed with Protein Microarray Rinse Buffer prior to scanning. The fluorescent image indicates strong signal intensities and low background.
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